The Temperance movement steadily gained a huge following worldwide, resulting in bans on alcohol. Canada, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia/the Soviet Union and the United States all enacted bans on alcohol in the first decades of the twentieth century. In the US, the eighteenth amendment prohibited the sale and production of alcoholic beverages, beginning in 1920. Nearly fourteen years and three constitutional amendments later, Congress repealed the eighteenth amendment. But not before prohibition had wreaked havoc on the American alcohol industry.